“It [aid-os] has been translated variously as respect, modesty, or shame, but for Greeks in the classical era it usually meant avoiding error associated with excess or failing to recognize the limitations of the human condition. The spirit of aid-os means that citizens refrain from unnecessary harshness in public debate. All may feel passionately about their views, but in presenting them they should refrain from consciously divisive comments or questioning the good faith of others who do not share their views. The Greek view was that democratic society must guard against excesses that hinder finding consensus for action after debate.”
Scott Horton, Lords of Secrecy.
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