Articles and Resources for IB Theory of Knowledge Students

“It [aid-os] has been translated variously as respect, modesty, or shame, but for Greeks in the classical era it usually meant avoiding error associated with excess or failing to recognize the limitations of the human condition. The spirit of aid-os means that citizens refrain from unnecessary harshness in public debate. All may feel passionately about their views, but in presenting them they should refrain from consciously divisive comments or questioning the good faith of others who do not share their views. The Greek view was that democratic society must guard against excesses that hinder finding consensus for action after debate.”
Scott Horton, Lords of Secrecy.

plausible reasoning cover (Order Print Version here)

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Some PowerPoints on Various TOK topics


The Residual Fallacy (article)

Various Thoughts on the Limitations of Human Knowing

Orders of Ignorance

Thoughts on Perception

Is all our knowledge a construct?

Models and their constituent parts

Some Thoughts on Epistemic Models

Cultural Marxism and Some Logical Basics

The Logic of Ideological Narratives

Some Points on Plausible Reasoning

Thoughts on Collective Responsibility and Identity Politics

Attempting to Define Art

Some Thoughts on Consciousness and Neurochemistry

These Students are not as Smart as Last Year’s!
A Reflection on Deformation Professionelle in Schools

Thoughts on the Trastevere

Thoughts on Fundamentalism and Dogmatism

A Modal Proof of God’s Existence

Immediate Inference

Thoughts on Collective Responsibility and Identity Politics lifeissues

Some Thoughts on Knowledge and the Logic of Conspiracy

Rigidity, Pope Francis, and the Difficulties of Achieving Knowledge

Some Thoughts on Vincible and Invincible Ignorance
(Talk delivered to Catholic students of McMaster University)